Loans from the Froehlich Collection
New Displays 1999 will feature an in-depth look at two important post-war American artists, Donald Judd and Cy Twombly. This is the fourth in a series of displays made in collaboration with the Froehlich Foundation, Stuttgart. Neither artist has had a major show in London since the Donald Judd exhibition at the Whitechapel Art Gallery in 1970 and the Cy Twombly retrospective, also at the Whitechapel Art Gallery, in 1987.
Donald Judd (1928-1994) was an artist and critic who became one of the foremost figures of Minimalism in the United States in the early 1960s. He abandoned painting in 1961-62 after coming to the realisation that 'actual space is intrinsically more powerful and specific than paint on a flat surface'. Judd's work includes floor and wall sculptures, installations, prints, architecture and furniture. He preferred using industrial processes to more conventional artistic methods to create his sculptures, and he usually worked in series that were systematically linked. One of his best known sculptural forms is the 'stack', in which a number of identical rectangular elements are cantilevered from the wall, one above the other, with a predetermined interval in between The dispIay will feature three monumental works from this series dating from 1965, 1972 and 1990. A total of eleven sculptures from the Tate Collection and the Froehlich Foundation will be shown in addition to a selection of Judd's prints.
Born in Lexington, Virginia in 1928, the painter Cy Twombly came to New York in 1950, at the moment when Abstract Expressionism was at its zenith. His works show an awareness of the older generation's art, but his mark making is more intimate and personal, and he resists formal composition, preferring the distribution of marks over a rectangular field. Twombly's marks take many forms, including handwriting, scratching into the surface, erasure, tracing, smears, scribbling and crude sketches. This display will include a group of works on paper from the Froehlich Foundation that spans four decades of Twombly's career. There also will be two early paintings on view, Arcadia 1958, and Ferragosto I 1960, that are on loan from the Daros Collection, Switzerland. These paintings were made in Rome, where Twombly settled in 1957. His move to Italy led to an engagement with classical civilisation. Evidence of this is seen in the references to history, mythology and poetry that appear in his art.
The Froehlich Foundation, established in 1995, is based in
Stuttgart, Germany, where the founders of the collection, Josef
and Anna Froehlich, live. The collection comprises some 320 works
by nine German and ten American artists and traces many of the
most notable developments in art of the past four decades. An
exhibition, Contemporary German and American Art from the Froehlich
Collection, which will include sixty works by artists including
Andy Warhol, Joseph Beuys and Georg Baselitz, will be held at
Tate Gallery Liverpool from 5 June-30 Aug 1999.